FarmEats Chili Fries!

FarmEats 100% Grass Fed Beef Chili Fries!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Chili Fries

FarmEats 100% Grass Fed Ground Beef Chili Fries!

Perfect for these cooler Spring days!! 

The other day, we cooked up a batch of our FarmEats ground beef chili, and let it simmer on the stove top for a few hours to allow the flavors to meld together. 

While the chili was simmering, we sliced and salted the potatoes, and then put the slices on an oiled pan into the 450 oven, baked them for about 35 minutes, checked them and flipped the slices, and baked them for another 15 minutes.  Then we took the pan of fries out of the oven. 

Voila!
Perfectly golden crispy fries, to go with our FarmEats Chili! 

At Hamburger Central, Antibiotics for Cattle That Aren’t Sick

At Hamburger Central, Antibiotics for Cattle That Aren’t Sick

Many industrial feedlots see routine use of antibiotics as essential. Some cattlemen disagree, calling them “performance enhancing drugs.”

ny times hamburger antibiotics
By Danny Hakim; A version of this article appears in print in The NY Times, on March 24, 2018, on Page B1 of the New York edition with the headline: Drugs Go to Healthy Cattle. Should Consumers Worry?

March 23, 2018

Ben Holland holds a Mason jar, tilting it slightly to show the powdery 90 milligrams of the antibiotic tylosin inside.

“It’s about the amount that one animal gets in a day,” he explains, in a small factory that produces feed for 48,000-odd cattle packed in pens in Tulia, Tex., south of Amarillo. Nearby, rumbling steam towers turn corn kernels into flakes.

Dr. Holland is the director of research at Cactus Feeders, a feedlot giant. During a recent visit, I found myself surrounded by men with Ph.D.s and cowboy hats like Dr. Holland. Several wore jackets bearing drug company logos that were sure to smell of steamed corn and flatulent cattle by day’s end.

Behind Dr. Holland, antibiotics were stacked in large bags rising to his shoulders. Every day, cattle here, whether sick or healthy, are given antibiotics in their feed.

But it’s an increasingly debated practice on industrial farms.

Bacteria resistant to antibiotics turn up in turkey, pork chops and ground beef in the United States; in grocery store chickens in Britain; and at poultry farms in China. Antibiotic residues are found in groundwater, drinking water and streams, and in feedlot manure used as fertilizer.

Some 70 percent to 80 percent of American antibiotic sales go to livestock. In addition to the emergence of resistant disease strains, some microbiologists worry that the proliferation of antibiotics, despite their miraculous health benefits, is having a chaotic impact on microbes in the human gut.

The Cactus feedlot is hamburger central, the middle passage of cattle’s industrial journey. Calves come from farms to be fattened up on corn and grain for several months, and then are shipped out for slaughter and processing.

Cattle, however, evolved to eat grass, and their time on a feedlot causes health complications. Hence the antibiotics. Tylosin controls liver abscesses, and Rumensin, another antibiotic feed additive, fights intestinal disease.

While Cactus has taken steps to limit the use of such drugs, it sees cheap and plentiful hamburgers and steaks as a byproduct of industrialization.

“We’ve got to take that potential value and balance it against the risk,” said Paul Defoor, co-chief executive of Cactus. “Antibiotic resistance is a fact of life, no two ways about it,” he added. “We want to make sure that by virtue of our using these products we’re not contributing to it.”

Others, however, see the risk far outweighing the reward.

THE MICROBIOLOGIST’S VIEW

“We’ve become addicted to antibiotics. We’re using them as if there was no biological cost to using them. And there are costs.”

— Dr. Martin J. Blaser

Chairman, Presidential Advisory Council on Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria; director, Human Microbiome Program, NYU Langone Medical Center

Dr. Martin J. Blaser, a white-haired scientist in a V-neck sweater and black Mephisto sneakers, walked me through his lab recently at a Veterans Affairs hospital in Manhattan.

“Both on the farm and in human medicine, we’ve become addicted to antibiotics,” he said. “We’re using them as if there was no biological cost to using them. And there are costs.”

Regular use of tylosin on farms, he added, “is a genuinely bad idea because of cross-resistance, involving important drugs used in human medicine.” Tylosin is part of a widely used class of antibiotics used by humans, including Z-Pak.

But Dr. Blaser’s career has largely been focused on a less talked about symptom of the proliferation of antibiotics: tracking disappearing microbes in the human gut.

We moved down the aisle of his lab, amid a jumble of computer screens and rows of lab desks, beakers, binders and pipettes. Dr. Blaser introduced a cadre of assistants. Many were connecting specific diseases to the disappearance of particular gut microbes, often due to antibiotics.

“Tim here, who’s a graduate student, he works on asthma,” Dr. Blaser said. Another is “running a very big project” on juvenile diabetes.

A visiting Chinese scholar studies obesity and antibiotics. Two more researchers, Dr. Blaser said, are looking at “an organism that many people have in their gut that may be protective against kidney stones.”

Some microbes are misunderstood. Take Helicobacter pylori, a passenger in the human gut for thousands of years linked in the last century to certain cancers.

“Because of ulcer and stomach cancer, doctors, mostly gastroenterologists, said we should just get rid of H. pylori from everybody,” Dr. Blaser said. “But I began to think differently.”

Research from the National Cancer Institute published in January found a potential downside to its disappearance, linking its loss to a new gastric cancer more likely in younger patients and women.

“Nature abhors a vacuum, and if Helicobacter, which was dominant, is gone, something is replacing it, or some things are replacing it, and that has consequences,” Dr. Blaser said.

Scientists like Dr. Blaser worry that we are too often exposed to antibiotics, beyond when we actually need them. But the United States has resisted more aggressive restrictions on livestock antibiotics that countries like the Netherlands have taken. As of last year, the Food and Drug Administration barred meat producers from using antibiotics to increase the growth of animals, rather than to treat disease. Veterinary prescriptions are now required for farm antibiotics.

But the new rules were designed in cooperation with drug companies and industrial farm groups.

“That didn’t affect us,” Mr. Defoor of Cactus said of the ban; his company sees the antibiotics added to feed as a preventive health measure. Similarly, Zoetis, a major livestock drugmaker, said on its website that farmers “will see little difference” in its tetracycline feed additives, beyond needing the appropriate paperwork from veterinarians.

But demand for antibiotic-free meat is eclipsing regulation. Annual sales of antibiotics for farm animals fell 10 percent in 2016, before the F.D.A.’s new policy began.

Dr. Blaser turned reflective. In his office, a colorful pinwheel maps the microbial population of his poop.

“It’s just like global warming,” he said of modern changes to our internal microbiology. “It’s a big ecological shift, except it’s happening within the human body.”

THE FEEDLOT VETERINARIAN

“Until we see clear evidence that this drug is actually causing an increase in resistance, then we can go down a different avenue. But today we just don’t have it.”

— Dr. Carter King

Director of veterinary services, Cactus Feeders

“There’s a pen up here I’ve been wanting to look at.”

Dr. Carter King oversees 10 feedlots for Cactus and some two million head of cattle a year. It was before 8 a.m., and he was guiding a Toyota Tundra pickup truck around the feedlot, his wallet resting on a blue bandanna on the center console. Cowboys roamed on horseback, trained by Dr. King as medics, alerting him to trouble.

The work is not for everyone.

“We’ve tried taking guys that came off a ranch somewhere, and you put them in a pen of cattle on a feed yard and a lot of times it doesn’t work,” Dr. King said. “They’re used to green grass and trees, and cows standing under trees in the open air, and a feed yard is an adverse, harsh place to work.”

He stopped the truck. Smoke plumed from the distant tower where corn is flaked. He pointed to a smoky-colored calf.

“That calf doesn’t feel good,” Dr. King said. “He’s by himself. He’s just kind of standing there. He’s a little drooped.” He motioned to nearer calves coming forward to investigate. “You look at these calves here, they’re alert — they’re looking at us trying to figure out what we are.”

Dr. King was “raised on a ranch out in the middle of nowhere.” He has had his own veterinary practice, and has worked for the drugmaker Upjohn and even at a zoo, where he learned to wake up gorillas anesthetized by blow darts. (“You pull his tongue over his nose, and you insert the needle into that vein.” And then bolt.)

Early in his career, a large cattle business asked Dr. King to prescribe a banned antibiotic. He knew he was “going to blow this opportunity because I’m going to tell this guy, ‘No,’” he said. He did, and lost a customer.

Still, Dr. King and other industry veterinarians support using antibiotics in feed. Keith E. Belk, a Colorado State University professor who works closely with the beef industry, said research on risks like liver abscesses was more uncertain than many studies suggested. And “the industry has a whole lot of research to find substitutes,” he added.

Especially in chickens. Zoetis said last year that its “portfolio of alternatives to antibiotic medicated feed” was “the primary driver of growth” in poultry.

For now, the view from the feedlot is that the risks are not evident enough to stop using drugs like tylosin.

“Until we see clear evidence that this drug is actually causing an increase in resistance, then we can go down a different avenue,” Dr. King said. “But today we just don’t have it.”

THE DISSENTER

“We’re all worried about athletes using performance enhancing drugs during the baseball game, but we’re not worried about the hot dogs that were produced using the same chemical compounds.”

— Mike Callicrate

Owner of Callicrate Cattle and Ranch Foods Direct

A blunt-spoken former bull rider, Mike Callicrate raises cattle in Kansas and Colorado. To him, antibiotics are “performance enhancing drugs,” and he lumps them in with other industrial additives like steroid hormones.

“We’re all worried about athletes using performance enhancing drugs during the baseball game, but we’re not worried about the hot dogs that were produced using the same chemical compounds and that are being eaten by our children,” he said during a recent visit to his farm on the Kansas-Colorado border.

This is not to say he refuses all antibiotics. He uses them to treat sick cattle, but does not mix them into feed for healthy calves.

“We need the tool when we need the tool, but the fact is we’ve overused the tool to offset the negatives of industrial production,” he said.

Mr. Callicrate took me around his farm, a bucolic vision of grazing cattle and open fields. He’s an outspoken guy, who calls the feedlot giant JBS the “rotten meat mafia,” attacks industrial practices on his website and once sued the government to protest the management of a nationwide program to promote beef.

He gave up on the industrial production model years ago, and now has a small operation that encompasses all steps of the business, from birth to slaughter to a retail meat counter in Colorado Springs.

“We can litigate, we can legislate, but who’s building the alternative?” he asked during lunch over chipped beef in downtown St. Francis, Kan. “So I felt compelled. I’ve got to build the alternative. I can’t be such a loudmouth and such a critic of this existing system without giving people an alternative.”

Still, it is difficult to buck the system and make a buck. Agriculture is now built around the industrial model. Mr. Callicrate has the luxury of raising cattle the way he does because he invented a contraption to castrate bulls humanely.

“This makes money,” he said, while he showed me how to cinch a bull’s testicles in the Callicrate Bander, which looks like a slingshot crossed with a fishing rod. “Everything else loses money.”

Antibiotic-free beef also costs consumers more, though groups like Consumers Union feel it “is worth the extra money.”

For Mr. Callicrate, keeping his cattle off the feedlot changed his perspective.

“I’ve decided to take a different path, slow down a little bit,” he said. “If I have to be responsible for the steak on the plate, I’m going to change the way I’m producing it.”

Danny Hakim is an investigative reporter for the business section. He has been a European economics correspondent and bureau chief in Albany and Detroit. He was also a lead reporter on the team awarded the 2009 Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News. 
A version of this article appears in print on March 24, 2018, on Page B1 of the New York edition with the headline: Drugs Go to Healthy Cattle. Should Consumers Worry?

Tastes Like Spring!

Tastes Like Spring!

tastes like spring

Tastes Like Spring! 

FarmEats Sautéed Chorizo, Shiitakes, and Onions, over Organic Micro-Greens,

Fresh organic micro-greens
from Deep Roots Farm, tastes like spring sunshine and fresh earth! 

We sautéed up some FarmEats grass fed chorizo and Dan Madura Farms shiitake mushrooms, along with some pickled Deep Roots onions, and then served them over a bed of Deep Roots Farms micro-greens!  

The sautéed spicy chorizo, and pickled onions along with the earthy shiitakes complimented the fresh micro-greens nicely. 

The fresh, just picked micro-greens are so very lively,

and taste like spring!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Super Bowl Chili!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef

Super Bowl Chili!

FarmEats Grass Fed Chili

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef
Super Bowl Chili!

Its Super Bowl LII
(I am looking forward to Super Bowl LOL)! 


Although, I don't know if the Patriots or the Eagles will win, I do know that FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Chili is always a winner!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Chili starts by; sautéing garlic and onions in olive oil, then add in fresh diced tomatoes, and spices (Mexican chili powder, smoked Spanish paprika, basil, Singapore curry, salt and pepper- hot and spicy cayenne or other peppers are of course optional) into a stock pot, cover and let simmer for a while.
 
Next, add in FarmEats 100% Grass Fed Ground Beef (Can add in beef stock/beer/wine if not enough liquid). We like to let the pot simmer slow and low, for a couple of hours or so, stirring occasionally.  This way the ground beef, tomatoes, and spices all start to meld together and form a cohesive whole, bursting chili flavor! 
Then finally, add in kidney beans and/or pinto beans, and stir occasionally.   

Can also, shred up some cheese or slice avocado for a nice added flavor topping. 

Enjoy!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Seared Sirloin Steak!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Seared Sirloin Steak!

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Sirloin Steak

One of our favorite FarmEats grass fed beef steaks is the sirloin steak.

The boneless sirloin is cut from the hindquarters of the cow, and is part of the loin. Which also includes the tenderloin, and the NY strip and porterhouse steak.  All of these parts are not worked as much and therefor the connective tissue is much softer than other parts. 

The boneless sirloin steak is one of our favorite cuts because the lean softness of the sirloin brings out the rich grass fed flavors of the steak (although not as much as the hanger/skirt/tri tip or other tighter cuts).  Also, the sirloin sears so well, and it is easy to slice in uniform pieces (which is great for family serving sizes or parties).  

We let the olive oiled and salted steak rise up to about room temperature on a cutting board.  Then sear on a hot cast iron, oiled pan for 5 minutes and then flip for another 4 minutes, then let rest under an aluminum foil tent on a cutting board for about 4 minutes.  Sauté some fresh spinach and Brussel sprouts while you wait!

Then slice the steak into quarter inch thick pieces and plate with the veggies.  Serve the steak and enjoy! 

Winter Farmers Markets!

Winter Farmers Markets

chappaqua farmers market

FarmEats will be over at

The Chappaqua Farmers Market
Pop Up!
 

The market will be held the first Saturday of the month throughout the winter;

Saturday

February 3rd,

 March 3rd and April 7th

9am to 1pm

indoors
at the First Congregational Church in Chappaqua

(210 Orchard Ridge Rd, Chappaqua NY)

We will bring along our;
100% Grass Fed Beef; osso buco, short ribs, pot roast, stew beef, ribeye, porterhouse, NY strip steaks,
and our "best burgers ever"!

chappaqua farmers market

the souk

FarmEats is excited to be back at the;

Souk Winter Indoor Market

every Sunday!


We will bring our;  100% grass fed beef ribeye, porterhouse, NY strip, flat iron sandwich steaks, osso buco, London broil, brisket, pot roast, short ribs and our "best burgers ever", pasture raised pork;  chops, bacon, spare ribs, sausage, and pasture raised chicken!

“THE SOUK” Season 5

every Sunday,

11 – 3pm,

 

from January 7th through March 25

 “The SOUK” Farm Market & Artisan Bazaar returns to The OUTSIDE IN for its 5th season beginning Sunday Jan 7 with a great mix of vendors from our earlier seasons plus lots of first-time participants.

Expect traditional provisions, ready-to-eat-now, and take-home foods with a variety of organic, vegan, raw and gluten-free choices featuring cuisines from around the world along with specialty coffee, teas and espresso bar in a gallery / greenhouse where customers can come to eat brunch near the wood stove and enjoy the afternoon amongst an unrivaled collection of Hudson Valley art and craft.

The OUTSIDE IN, 249 Ferdon Avenue,

Piermont NY

FarmEats at the Souk

Irvington farmers market

FarmEats is excited to be indoors at the

Irvington Farmers Market!
 

Saturdays 9am to 1pm;

January 27th

February 10th and 24th

 March 10th and 24th

April 14th and 28th

We will bring along our;
100% Grass Fed Beef; osso buco, short ribs, pot roast, stew beef, ribeye, porterhouse, NY strip steaks,
and our "best burgers ever"!



Main Street School
110 Main Street
Irvington, NY 10533

Irvington farmers market

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Osso Buco

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Osso Buco

FarmEats grass fed beef ossobuco

FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Osso Buco

As the days get shorter and we get closer to winter, we always love a rich braised dish such as FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Osso Buco!

While a traditional Milanese Osso Buco calls for veal shanks, (is it possible that some restaurants use beef or pork shanks rather than a more expensive veal shank?) we use 100% grass fed beef shanks for the richer flavors.
Also, we tend to not use flour in our cooking.

In any case, grass fed beef osso buco is a perfect wintery farmers market dish, as most local farmers still have some root vegetables and possibly (green house) tomatoes or other tomatoes will suffice.

We love braising slow and low, as you let the oven do the cooking work!

FarmEats Grass Fed Osso Buco;

Cut and dice the veggies; garlic, onions, carrots, potatoes, turnips, parsnips.

Preheat the oven to 285 degrees.
Sear the room temperature, FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Osso Buco in an oiled oven proof pan.  
Toss in the garlic and onions, and diced tomatoes.  
Add in liquid (until half way up the osso buco); wine, beef/pork/chicken stock and fresh spices (oregano/basil/thyme) + salt to taste. 

Bring to a simmer on the stove top. Place into the oven and set timer for an hour.  Then after the hour, turn over the osso buco, and braise for another hour repeat until osso buco is soft and falling off the bone- 3+ hours. 

Serve FarmEats Grass Fed Beef Osso Buco with polenta, risotto,
or a piece of crusty bread!

Bon Appetit!

Turkeys for Thanksgiving!

FarmEats 100% Pasture Raised Turkey!

FarmEats pasture raised turkey

Our turkeys are getting bigger, over at the Sweet Tree Farm in Carlisle NY!

They are rooting around for things to eat, and they are also fed an all vegetarian diet (antibiotic free, with no added hormones of course). 

They will be big enough just in time for a Thanksgiving feast!

FarmEats is now taking pre-orders and then we will deliver the birds the week of Thanksgiving.

If you would like to pre-order your Thanksgiving turkey, please order here;  farmeats.com/shop/ 

Farm Fest Sunday Oct 1st 10am to 4pm over at Fable Farm!

FarmEats will be over at Farm Fest

on Sunday Oct 1st, from 10am to 4pm

over at Fable Farm to Table Farm! 

The Farm Fest at Fable will be held Sunday, October 1st from 10am until 4pm.

Come join us for farm fresh goodies, shop from local artisan vendors, tour our hydroponic greenhouse, and feed the chickens! 

Korean BBQ! FarmEats 100% Grass Fed Beef Short Ribs!

FarmEats 100% Grass Fed Beef Short Ribs!

Korean BBQ Time!

 

New from FarmEats;


100% Grass Fed Beef Short Ribs, Thin Cross Cut, Flanken Style!


Perfect for quick searing on the BBQ!  

Makes awesome Korean BBQ Short Ribs- GalBi or Bulgogi!  

Marinade from 4 hours to overnight (tons of Galbi or Bulgogi recipes online), fire up the BBQ and when the grill is nice and hot put the short ribs on and sear for about 2 to 3 minutes per side, just enough time for the heat and fire to sear the beef, and crisp up the fat, and leave the meat rare in the middle.  

Serve hot and pick up the short ribs with your hands and tear into the meat with you teeth! 

korean bbq grass fed beef short ribs

FarmEats BBQ Tips and Tricks!

FarmEats BBQ Tips and Tricks!

FarmEats BBQ tips and tricks
  • It is best to grill room temperature meats.
  • You can always cook the meat more, but not less!
  • Chewier beef cuts such as; skirt, flank, tri-tip, flat iron, London broil, etc., need to be seared quickly and cooked rare. 
  • Let the cooked meat rest under an aluminum foil tent on a cutting board for about 5 minutes, to let the juices settle in.  
  • Cut steaks against the grain.
  • When marinading meat discard the marinade after using-do not put the cooked meat back into the raw marinade!
  • When cooking different foods- beef, chicken, fish and veggies, be cognizant of how long the foods take to cook.  You can always blanch the veggies, par cook the chicken, so that the timing of the delivery of the cooked food will be perfect!
  • When BBQing a big hunk of meat; pork butt, short ribs, dino ribs, etc., give yourself enough time for slow and low cooking. 
  • Always BBQ with a cold beer close at hand.  
  • When cooking for guests, cook something that; you know how to cook, is consistently good, and is easy.  And try not to experiment with some new grill, or food or technique, guaranteed to end ugly.
  • Always plan ahead; marinades, sauces, dishes, gas in the tank, wood for the fire, chill the beer and wine, etc.
  • With fatty meats, and marinades watch for the grill flare up, wouldn't want the food to be burnt. You can always turn off a burner or move the coals around to distribute the heat effectively.  
  • Always Grill FarmEats 100% grass fed beef, pasture raised pork and chicken for best results! 

Summer Farmers Markets!

Summer Farmers Markets!

It is the Farmers Markets season!  FarmEats will be in the following farmers market all season;

Jersey City Farmers Market
jersey city famers market

Jersey City Farmers Market

FarmEats is excited to be a vendor at the
Jersey City Farmers Market

FarmEats will be over in Jersey City
every Thursday,

 to December  21st 4pm to 8pm

Grove St. Plaza, Jersey City, New Jersey

We will bring our 100% grass fed pasture raised beef,

pasture raised pork and chickens!

and maple syrup.

chappaqua farmers market

Chappaqua Farmers Market

FarmEats is excited to be a vendor over at
Chappaqua!

Every Saturday to November 18th!

8:30am to 1pm

We will bring along our;
100% Grass Fed Beef; osso buco, short ribs, "pulled beef" pot roast, ribeye, porterhouse, and strip steaks, "best burgers ever"

We will be outdoors over at the
Chappaqua Train Station;

108 Allen Pl

Chappaqua, New York, NY 10514

chappaqua farmers market
bronxville farmers market

Bronxville Farmers Market

FarmEats is excited to be a vendor at the
Bronxville Farmers Market

FarmEats will be over in Bronxville
every Saturday,

 to November 18th, 8am to 1pm

Stone Place at Paxton Ave, Bronxville, NY 10708

We will bring our 100% grass fed beef; porterhouse, ribeye, NY strip, sirloin, and sandwich steaks, osso buco, pot roast, burgers, 

and maple syrup.

bronxville farmers market
Hastings Farmers Market

Hastings Farmers Market! 

FarmEats will be a vendor over at Hastings every other Saturday!
8:30am to 1:30pm

at the Hastings Library,
7 Maple Avenue
Hastings-on-Hudson, NY, 10706
 
We will bring our 100% grass fed pasture raised beef; porterhouse, ribeye, sirloin, and sandwich steaks, stew beef, osso buco, "melt in your mouth" pot roast, "best burgers ever", beef broth bones, and more!

hastings farmers market
new rochelle farmers market

FARMEATS IS EXCITED TO BE A VENDOR AT

THE NEW ROCHELLE DOWNTOWN GRAND FARMERS MARKET

every Saturday morning from 9am to 2pm.   

We will bring our 100% grass fed beef,

pasture raised pork and chicken!

It's a farmers market AND a festival Saturdays, June-October at Library Green. Free kids entertainment; farm-fresh food, small-batch and artisan products; crafters; lawn games (chess, connect four, cornhole, jenga, ping-pong) and more! Don't miss our THREE mini market stands where little kids can play farmer. Eat a crepe at one of our bistro tables, listen to live music, buy your broccoli, bread and honey, and check out the used books sale in the Library's lobby. Eating your veggies has never been so entertaining!

The market is in the library green next to the New Rochelle Library.  

17 Lawton Street, New Rochelle NY

new rochelle farmers Market

Harvest for Health Farmers Market

 

FarmEats will bring along our 100% Grass Fed Beef, Pasture Raised Pork and Chickens! and maple syrup.

First and Third Tuesdays of the month from 11am-4pm,

May 2nd to November 21st!

New York-Presbyterian Hudson Valley Hospital

1960 Crompond Rd.

Cortland Manor, NY 10567

in the main lobby and right outside the main entrance.